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Author Guidelines

Author Guidelines in preparing the manuscript before submission.

1. Language
The language of the manuscript must be in English (either American or British standard, but not the mixture of both).

2. Length of paper
The length of the paper should not exceed 30 pages. Paper containing more than 30 pages words will be returned to the author(s) to abridge. Articles should be typed in double-space (including footnotes and references) on one side of the paper only (preferably A4) with wide margins. Authors are urged to write as concisely as possible, but not at the expense of clarity, tables that are too long can be strait to landscape.

3. Title Page
Title page is a separated page before the text. It should include the following information:

Tile should be concise and informative. Try to avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.

Author’s names and affiliations
Please indicate the given name and family name clearly. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name, and, if available, the e-mail address, and telephone number of each author.

Corresponding author
clearly indicate who is willing to handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing, publication and post-publication. Ensure that telephone numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address.

1.      Abstract:

The abstract is a shortened version of the paper. Write it concisely and precisely as one standalone paragraph of 350 or fewer words. Include the rationale, objectives, methods, major results, and main conclusions and their significance.

2.     Introduction:

State the nature and magnitude of the research topic or problem, explain why the research was done, provide background information, highlight knowledge gaps and the novelty of the research, review the relevant literature, state the hypotheses, rationale, and objectives, and define terms and abbreviations.

3.     Materials and methods:

Clearly describe what was done and how, when, where, and under what conditions in sufficient detail to enable another researcher to repeat the experiment. Include descriptions of the experimental design including treatment replications and experiment repetitions, the materials used, the data collected and how the data were collected, the statistical and mathematical procedures used to analyze the data, and assumptions made and their rationale. Descriptions should be in past tense and SI units should be used unless otherwise stated in the author instructions.

4.     Results:

Present results clearly and precisely. Present only analyzed summary data. Detailed, supporting data can be presented as supplementary material. Cite all tables and figures.

5.     Discussion:

Discuss variability among repeated experiments. Compare the results to those of previously published, similar studies. Discuss the significance of the work. Reiterate the novelty of the work. Avoid excessive speculation. Avoid conclusions that are not supported by the data.

6.     Clarity and detail:

Are all parts of the manuscript clearly written in sufficient detail?

7.      Formatting:

Use page numbering, line numbering, double line spacing, and a font size of 11 or 12 points. Use a recently published Crop Protection paper as a guide to style (section numbering, paragraphs, citation style, etc.).

8.     English language:

Has the manuscript been proof-read for grammar, sentence structure and spelling?

9.     Plagiarism:

Do not copy chunks of text directly from published sources. Plagiarized manuscripts will be rejected outright.